Dietary Trends Among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

SSS epidemiologist Sarah Casagrande is the first author of an article in the Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics that describes an analysis utilizing National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys data for over 49,000 individuals between 1988 and 2012 to determine trends in energy and nutrient intakes among a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults with and without type 2 diabetes. Among adults with diabetes, overall total energy intake increased between 1988–1994 and 2011–2012 with evidence of a plateau between 2003–2006 and 2011–2012. Percentage of calories from saturated fat was similar across study periods but remained above recommendations. Fiber intake significantly decreased and remained below recommendations. Sodium, cholesterol, and calcium intakes increased. There was no change in energy intake among adults without diabetes and dietary trends were similar to those with diabetes. The article was coauthored by a researcher from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.